Thinking about Iraq

January 14, 2007 at 7:50 am | Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

I begin with another article taken from the Internet:

History in brief
Dec 9th 2003


History in brief Iraq

The area of Iraq, known as Mesopotamia in ancient times, was home to a succession of cultures including Sumerians, Assyrians, Babylonians and Persians. Divided between Romans in the west and Persians in the east, the Mesopotamian plain fell to the Muslim Abbasid caliphate in the seventh century A.D. The Abbasids made Baghdad (founded 762) into the seat of the caliphate, and the city became one of the world’s greatest repositories of literary and scientific learning.
Invading Mongols sacked Baghdad in 1258 and, devastated, the area eventually came under the control of the Ottoman Turks, who ruled Iraq from their capital in Constantinople until the end of the first world war. When the defeated Ottoman empire was broken up, three Ottoman provinces were combined into the British mandate (protectorate) of Iraq. After a short period of British control, Iraq became a fully sovereign kingdom in 1932.In the 36 years that followed, Iraqi politics were unstable, including a series of coups and counter-coups after the death of King Faisal, Iraq’s first monarch, in 1933. In 1958 the political turmoil came to a head, when a coup led by General Abdul Karim Qasim toppled the monarchy for good.

But Qasim’s rule was short-lived too. In 1963 he was overthrown in a coup orchestrated by members of the Arab Socialist Renaissance Party (Baath party). A counter-coup deposed the Baathists nine months later, but the plotters failed to consolidate their power, and the Baathists returned in 1968. General Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr, a leading figure in the coup that deposed Qasim in 1963, was named president. His handpicked successor, Saddam Hussein, became president after al-Bakr’s resignation in 1979. In 1980, Iraq invaded the newly formed Islamic Republic of Iran. After early successes (aided by America and Britain, which feared Iran’s militant Islamism), the Iraqi army was pushed back, and the conflict stalled into a devastating war of attrition. When it ended inconclusively in 1988, Iraq’s economy was in ruins.Two years later Iraq, which had largely rebuilt its military machine, easily conquered oil-rich Kuwait in an unprovoked attack. But under the aegis of the United Nations, an American-led multinational force expelled Iraqi troops from Kuwait in February 1991. Subsequent UN resolutions were set up to halt its chemical, biological and nuclear weapons programme, and trade sanctions were imposed to enforce them. But Hussein defied the sanctions and weapons inspectors for most of 12 years, and in 2003 another, smaller coalition led by America and Britain ousted him and occupied the country after a three-week war. The coalition subsequently established a provisional authority, charged with basic administration and overseeing the creation of a new constitution for Iraq.

That was from The Economist. 

You see Iraq is an example of an embattled nation, like a number of other regions in the world.  Man is the only creation of God who can rise to the heights of achievement, spiritual advancement, technological development, and even step out into Space.  Man also is the only creature who fights itself to extinction, who creates dissent, resorts to deceipt, diplomacy.  While on the one hand man is endowed with the sixth sense,  on the olther hand he has shortsight, he doesn’t look beyond his nose.

Take any period in world history and you will always find strife.  You will always find wars.  You will always find injustice of man on man, man on other creatures, man on nature.  Man has always been destructive.  God should not have opened to man the gates of some select knowledge.  God left the fate of man and his environs in man’s hands.  God didn’t remember Adam cheated him to taste the forbidden fruit, and so God opened the gates of all knowledge to man with disastrous effects.  What avail is man’s lofty philosophies and religions when they never put him on the right path.  God will interfere in the affairs of man at some stage.  That I am very sure of, because no parent will stand and watch his children to waste themselves to no end. Amen. 

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